Monday, October 12, 2015

दशैं बिदा र गृहकार्य


देशभित्रको राजनीतिक उथलपुथल र भारतले लगाएको नाकाबन्दिका बिच नेपलीहरुको महान् चाड दशैँ पनि आइसकेको छ। नाकाबन्दि र तराई बन्दले गर्दा किनमेल, घरको रंगरोगन देखि लिएर दशैँको उपलक्ष्यमा आयोजना गरिने सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रमजस्ता मनोरञ्जनात्मक गतिविधिमा कमी आउने निश्चितप्राय नै छ । तरपनि, स्कुल, कार्यालयमा हुने लामो बिदा, रमाइलो मौसम र परम्परागत रुपमै 'मिठो खाने राम्रो लाउने' पर्वका रुपमा रहेकाले पनि दशैं आम नेपालीका लागी एक उल्लासमय पर्वका रुपमा रहेको छ । स्वाभावैले बालबालिका दशैंमा बढि रमाउने गर्दछन । महिना दिन लामो बिदा, घरमा हुने चहलपहल, खानपिन, नयाँ लुगा र बेफिक्रीसंग घुम्न अनि खेल्न पाउने हुनाले दशैं बिदा उनिहरुका लागी विशेष हुने गर्दछ ।

नेपालका धेरैजसो जिल्लाका निजी र सामुदायिका विद्यालयहरुमा दशैंको पहिलो दिन घटस्थापनादेखि तिहारको केही दिन पछि आउने छठ पर्व सम्म करिब एक महिना बिदा दिइने गरिन्छ । एक महिनाको बिदा कुनै पनि शैक्षिक सत्रको लागि लामो समय हो र यो समयमा विद्यार्थीले विद्यालयमा पढेका कुराहरु बिर्सन सक्ने भएकाले बिदाको समयमा पनि सिकाइ प्रकृयालाई निरन्तरता दिन गृहकार्य दिने गरिन्छ । बिदाको समयमा रमाइलोको साथसाथै विद्यार्थीलाई निरन्तर नयाँ कुरा सिकाउने अर्थमा गृहकार्य दिनु ठिकै लाग्ला तर वास्तविकतामा हामीकहाँ दिइने गृहकार्यले विद्यार्थीको सिकाइमा योगदान दिनुभन्दा मानसिक तनाव पैदा गरी पढाईप्रति नै वितृष्णा जगाउन मद्दत गरिरहेको हुन्छ ।

लामो बिदा, खासगरी दशैं-तिहारको समयमा दिइने बिदा वास्वतमा विद्यार्थीरुको लागी आराम गर्ने र पुन: पढाइमा फर्कनका लागी शक्ति संचय गर्ने समयको रुपमा लिइनुपर्दछ । नेपालका प्राय: विद्यालमा दशैंअगाडि त्रैमासिक परिक्षा लिइन्छ जसले विद्यार्थीलाई मानसिक रुपमा थकाएको हुन्छ । यस्तो अवस्थामा दशैं बिदा उनिहरुलाई आराम गर्ने, साथिभाइ भेट्ने र बिदा समाप्त भएपछी वार्षिक परीक्षासम्म निरन्तर हुने पढाइको लागी आफूलाई तैयार गर्न 'ब्रेक'को रुपमा लिइनुपर्ने हो । तर यसबिचमा दिइने गृहकार्यले विद्यार्थीलाई यो महसुस गर्ने दिंदैन कि उ छुट्टीमा छ। यसै पनि स्कुल जीवनको सुरुदेखि नै घोडादौडमा लगाई  शैक्षिक प्रतिष्पर्धामा मात्र जोड दिने हाम्रो हाम्रो शिक्षा प्रणालीमा विद्यार्थीले के सिक्न चाहन्छ भन्ने ख्याल नै नगरी एकोहोरो पाठ्यपुस्तकका कुरामात्र लादिन्छ, झन् लामो बिदाको समयमा पनि त्यहि कुरा गृहकार्यको रुपमा दिँदा उनिहरुले त्यसलाई सिकाई केहि नयाँ सिक्ने अवसर भन्दापनि गर्नैपर्ने बाध्यकारी कार्य (Chore) को रुपमा लिने गर्दछन् । यदि गृहकार्यलाई  सिकाई प्रकृयाकै एउटा अङ्ग मान्ने हो र त्यसैको आधारमा गृहकार्य दिइन्छ भने त्यसले विद्यार्थीको सिकाईमा पार्ने सकारात्मक र नकारात्मक प्रभावको मुल्याङ्कन पनि गरिनु पर्दछ। हामिकहाँ बिदा सुरु भएदेखिनै अधिकाँश विद्यार्थीको ध्याउन्न विभिन्न विषयका गृहकार्य सक्काउन मै रहन्छ जसले गर्दा न उनिहरुले कुनै रचनात्मक कार्य गरी बिदाको उपयोग गर्ने वातावरण बन्दछ नत हतारमा गरिएको (अझ कतिपय अवस्थामा त अरुको कापीबाट सारिएको) गृहकार्यबाट आवश्यक ज्ञान नै प्राप्त गर्न सक्दछन् ।

गृहकार्य पूर्णतया अनावश्यक भन्ने यो लेखको आशय होइन। विद्यार्थीको कक्षागत स्तर अनुसार केही मात्रामा दिइने गृहकार्यले विद्यार्थीलाई बिदाको समयमा पनि दिनमा निश्चित समय अध्ययनमा लगाउने गर्दछ ।खासगरी माध्यामिक       तहका विद्यार्थीलाई बिदाको समयमा विषयगत प्रोजेक्ट, खोज वा अनुसन्धान जस्ता गृहकार्य दिएमा उनिहरुको पढाइप्रतिको रुचिमा कमि आउँदैन । तर हामीकहाँ यसरी कक्षागत स्तर हेरेर भन्दा पनि सम्पूर्ण विद्यार्थीहरुलाई लगभग उति नै परिमाणमा गृहकार्य दिने चलन छ । यसले न उनिहरुको शैक्षिक विकास सम्भव हुन्छ न सामाजिक र मनोवैज्ञानिक रुपमा उनिहरु सबल हुन सक्दछन् । कतिपय अवस्थामा त बालबालिकालाई कक्षामा अभ्यास गराउनुपर्ने लेखाइ अभ्यास नै गृहकार्यको रुपमा दिइएको हुन्छ । यसरी कक्षामा शिक्षकले गराउनुपर्ने अभ्यास बालबालिकालाई आफै गर्न दिदा उनिहरुको लेखाइ सिप विकास हुन त पाउँदैन नै उनिहरुमा सानै उमेरदेखि पढाइप्रतिको रुचि पनि घट्न थाल्दछ । वास्तवमा यदि कक्षामा शिक्षकले कुनै विषयमा विद्यार्थीको रुचि जगाइदिने हो भने उनिहरु आफै विषयको बारेमा जानकारी लिन उत्सुक हुन्छन्, गृहकार्यको नाममा उनिहरुमाथी बोझ थोपरिरहनु पर्दैन । कक्षाकोठामा शिक्षक-शिक्षिकाले आफै पढाउँदा त विद्यार्थीको पढाईप्रति रुचि जगाउन नसकिएको स्विकार्नुहुन्छ भने त्यही कुरा घरमा उनिहरुलाई आफै अभ्यास गर्न लगाउनु कति व्यवहारिक होला र त्यसले सोचेजस्तो नतिजा दिन सक्ला? नियमित विद्यालय चलेको समयमा ठिकै लागे पनि दशैंबिदाजस्तो लामो बिदामा यो अभ्यास निरर्थक साबित हुने गर्दछ । आजभोलि पढाईसँगै अतिरिक्त क्रियालापहरुमा पनि सहभागी गराउँदै बालबालिकाको सर्वाङ्गिण विकासमा ध्यान दिनुपर्दछ भन्ने सोच धेरै शिक्षक अभिभावकहरुमा पलाउँदै आएको पाइन्छ र सो अनुसार खेलकुद, सङ्गित, साहित्यजस्ता कृयाकलापहरुमा उनिहरुलाई सहभागी पनि गराइन्छ। दशैं बिदाजस्ता लामा बिदाहरु उनिहरुलाई आफ्नो प्रतिभा पहिचान गर्न र सीप निखार्न निकै उपयोगी हुन सक्दछन् तर हाम्रा विद्यालयहरुमा दिइने गृहकार्यको बोझले गर्दा बालबालिकाहरुले आफ्ना प्रतिभाहरु प्रस्फुटन गर्न त के राम्रोसँग बिदाको अनुभव पनि गर्न पाइरहेका हुँदैनन् ।

बालबालिकाको सिकाइ प्रकृया कक्षामा सिमीत बनाउनु हुँदैन । अझ प्रविधिको उच्च विकास भएको वर्तमान युगमा त यो सम्भव पनि छैन। टेलिभिजन र इन्टरनेटको बढ्दो पहुँचमाझ बालबालिकाले आफै पनि धेरै कुरा सिकिरहेका हुन्छन जुन कक्षामा नसिकाइएको पनि हुन सक्दछ । बिदाको समयमा उनिहरुले घुम्ने नयाँ ठाउँ, खाने नयाँ परिकार र बनाउने नयाँ साथी पनि सिकाइकै अङ्ग हुन् जसले उनिहरुको व्यक्तित्व निर्माण गर्दै थप सिक्नका लागी उत्प्रेरित गरिरहेका हुन्छन् । कक्षाकोठा र तोकिएको पाठ्यक्रममा सीमित सिकाईप्रक्रियालाई कक्षाबाहिर विस्तार गर्दै व्यवहारिक र जिवनोपयोगि ज्ञान हासिल गर्नका लागी यस्ता कार्यहरु वास्तवमा निकै प्रभावकारी हुने गर्दछन् । हाम्रो देशमा विद्यालय शिक्षामा सुधार, पाठ्यक्रममा आवश्यक संशोधन र परिमार्जन, शिक्षकहरुको क्षमता वृद्धिजस्ता विषयहरु शैक्षिक गुणस्तर वृद्धि गर्ने सन्दर्भमा बढि उठिरहेने सवालहरु हुन् तर यी कक्षाकोठामा गरिने औपचारिक सिकाइसँग मात्र सम्बन्धीत रहेका छन् । दशैंबिदाजस्ता लामा बिदाहरुमा बालबालिकाहरुलाई गृहकार्यको अनावश्यक भारी नबोकाईकनै सृजनात्मक तरिकाले गरिने सिकाईको बारेमा खासै चर्चा भएको सुनिदैंन । धेरै र बोझिलो गृहकार्य दिएमा मात्र विद्यार्थिले प्रशस्त अभ्यास गर्ने अवसर प्राप्त गरी सिकाइ प्रभावकारी हुन्छ भन्ने हाम्रा शिक्षक र आम अभिभावकहरुको बुझाइमा परिवर्तन ल्याउन र गृहकार्यको अनावश्यक बोझ हटाउन यससम्बन्धी बहसको थालनी गर्नु जरुरी देखिन्छ ।

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Why can't we let it go?

The present political scenario of our country is said to be 'deadlocked' by the lack of consensus among the major political parties regarding various issues of constitution writing. The first Constituent Assembly-a castle of hope for many- failed to provide a constitution and was dissolved after years of useless arguing and debate. With the election of a new CA, the political parties who hold the majority of seats in the assembly are on the same position regarding these issues. Not one is ready to accept another's proposal and make amendments in theirs. This ideological stiffness has been the reason for political transition to last even longer.  
 This human tendency of not accepting things happens in our life many times. It does happen in our professional as well as personal life. When we own anything, any possessions or hold a thought, we create an attachment towards it. This attachment may have its own name; we call it our way of living, our style or our ideology. But whatever the case may be we narrow our mind into something. Our thoughts revolve around a certain thought and we can’t get out of it.   When there is an urge for change we can’t simply accept the change because we have trained our mind in such  a way. In the above case too our leaders couldn’t let their ego and pride go. They decided to live on with their contrasting viewpoints. As a result the problem is not solved.
We all need an ideology in life. We should have a definite way of thinking and living and hold a strong viewpoint towards certain things in life. But sticking too much on a thought can never be good. I have seen many of my friends who have faced problems in letting things go. Mostly it is visible in relations. There is a couple in love. Needless to say, they feel so inseparable that they create false attachment towards each other. When one of them decides to get off the relations another simply gets heartbroken. He/she can’t move on in life or let it go. If one can easily accept the fact that people come and people go in our life then break ups wouldn’t be hurtful like this. Not only in it happens in relations, we can make our life easier by letting things go and accepting life. We see a lot of parents putting pressure on their children regarding their education and career. Of course every parents have a dream for their child but the children may go on to create their own dream and attain it. It is always wiser and nice to let our personal desires and dreams go unfulfilled for the sake of other’s happiness. This can be done by parents or the children, but whoever decides to let go and move in in life will be much happier.

Life is beautiful because it has changes. Be ready for changes in life. Of course not all the changes are desired by us. In fact most of the things that change our life are guided by external things. Friends, family, education, career make changes in our life. We many panic as of now but if we develop a positive attitude and decide to move on, life will one day prove us that                     ‘everything happens for good’.  The outer world is the mere representation of our thoughts. It appears the way we look at it. Watch the sky with tearful eyes and you can’t see the sunliThe present political scenario of our country is said to be 'deadlocked' by the lack of consensus among the major political parties regarding various issues of constitution writing. The first Constituent Assembly-a castle of hope for many- failed to provide a constitution and was dissolved after years of useless arguing and debate. With the election of a new CA, the political parties who hold the majority of seats in the assembly are on the same position regarding these issues. Not one is ready to accept another's proposal and make amendments in theirs. This ideological stiffness has been the reason for political transition to last even longer.  
 This human tendency of not accepting things happens in our life many times. It does happen in our professional as well as personal life. When we own anything, any possessions or hold a thought, we create an attachment towards it. This attachment may have its own name; we call it our way of living, our style or our ideology. But whatever the case may be we narrow our mind into something. Our thoughts revolve around a certain thought and we can’t get out of it.   When there is an urge for change we can’t simply accept the change because we have trained our mind in such  a way. In the above case too our leaders couldn’t let their ego and pride go. They decided to live on with their contrasting viewpoints. As a result the problem is not solved.
We all need an ideology in life. We should have a definite way of thinking and living and hold a strong viewpoint towards certain things in life. But sticking too much on a thought can never be good. I have seen many of my friends who have faced problems in letting things go. Mostly it is visible in relations. There is a couple in love. Needless to say, they feel so inseparable that they create false attachment towards each other. When one of them decides to get off the relations another simply gets heartbroken. He/she can’t move on in life or let it go. If one can easily accept the fact that people come and people go in our life then break ups wouldn’t be hurtful like this. Not only in it happens in relations, we can make our life easier by letting things go and accepting life. We see a lot of parents putting pressure on their children regarding their education and career. Of course every parents have a dream for their child but the children may go on to create their own dream and attain it. It is always wiser and nice to let our personal desires and dreams go unfulfilled for the sake of other’s happiness. This can be done by parents or the children, but whoever decides to let go and move in in life will be much happier.
Life is beautiful because it has changes. Be ready for changes in life. Of course not all the changes are desired by us. In fact most of the things that change our life are guided by external things. Friends, family, education, career make changes in our life. We many panic as of now but if we develop a positive attitude and decide to move on, life will one day prove us that ‘everything happens for good’.  The outer world is the mere representation of our thoughts. It appears the way we look at it. Watch the sky with tearful eyes and you can’t see the sunlight.

(Originally published in Republica daily in 2012)

Thursday, October 16, 2014

दिपावलि

सडकछेउमा
तिमीले हत्या गरेका जुनकिरीका चिहानमाथि
बिजुलिका खम्बा गाडिंदै छन्
अब तिम्रा घरका भित्ताहरुमा
रङ्गिन उज्यालो दिने कृत्रिम सूर्य उदाउनेछ ।
दिपावलि आयो शायद
त्यसैले त रजश्वाला भएकी छोरीलाई गोठमा लुकाई
लक्ष्मि आउने बाटो पोतिरहेछौ ।

Thursday, October 9, 2014

What we learn at schools

                                             
Couple of months ago, I was passing by a public school when I noticed a group of students hurling out. One of them held a paper in his hand which I later found out was their annual exams result.   The boy glued the paper on the wall for everyone to see. Soon they started reading aloud the names of the students who couldn't make it to the pass list. I could see tiny humiliated faces parting away from the crowed. The excitement and cheers soon fainted and died as many of them noticed their name under the red inked 'fail' column. I personally didn't know any of the kids but I could imagine their upcoming month long vacation ruined.
I often get to hear about 'fearless teaching environment', a phrase educationists and academicians have made popular these days.  I do not know how well it has been implemented in our schools. If it is all about teaching the students without assaulting them physically in the classroom, I can see some positive changes as teachers no longer seem to be entering the classroom wielding canes and pipes unlike our schooling days when the teacher most feared by the students was considered well by the school administration. At present the fear being physically beaten up in the classroom may have been lessened but the fear of exams and bad results is still haunting the children's mind. A fear that has ruined the otherwise joyful childhood.
Competition and the thrive for academic excellence are supposed to be the guiding principles of the academic environment of our schools. Competition is not a bad practice in itself. At a certain level, it motivates students to explore their potentialities and give their best. But if we judge the students entirely on the basis of their academic competitiveness and and start treating them accordingly, it will certainly create fear inside them. Be it the fear of not being first in the exam or not being 'pass' at all. Either way it is plucking the beauty off their life. Education is supposed   to give knowledge and empower students to face the challenges in life but as they are too concerned with the academic exams and results neither of that happens. As grownups, we too live in constant fear. Fear of losing someone we think we love, fear of losing a job, fear of putting up weight. The list goes on. We inherited this fear long ago, maybe during kindergarten when we were told that unless we get certain marks, we shall be left behind in the same class. It’s the same fear we are carrying with us.

It is said that we develop most of our behavioral patterns during early childhood. School is considered our second home. It should be a place where students are encouraged to bring out their intelligence, not just academic but also social, literary, musical or other types of intelligence. School should be the place where children learn about co-ordination among themselves not only competition. Schools should be more than places where one learns about some mathematical theories or chemical equations, they should be places where students explore the other dimensions of education like moral, social and emotional dimensions. Through sports, various students clubs and other activities, students learn the importance of team work and can build leadership qualities in them. More importantly, it helps them to overcome the fear caused by the so called underperformance in the academic tests and prepares them for a greater test of life. As of life, one may not always need those theories but the life skills learnt in the school are needed in each step of life. 

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

बालापन


एकोहोरो वर्षिरहेका
पानीका थोपाहरु
झ्याउँकिरीको मधुर संगीत
हिलो माटोको महकिलो सुवाससंगै
कागजको ढुङ्गा चढेर
म त्यहाँ पुग्दछु
जहाँबाट वर्षौँअघि
उमेरको गांठो कसेर
समयको डोरीले
मलाई घिस्याउँदै बाहिर निकालेको थियो ।
जहाँ इन्द्रेणी,
विज्ञानका गर्हुंगा तर्कमा होइन
स्वर्गका अप्सराका नाचमा प्रकट हुन्छिन्
पहाडको टुप्पोमा अड्किएको आकाशमा
जूनमामा अनौठा कथा सुनाउँछन् ।
अनि एकादेशकी राजकुमारी भेट्न
वायुपङ्खि घोडको वेगसंगै
म ओहोरदोहोर गरिरहन्थें ।




Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Growing up with The Famous FIve

Back in 2002, during  our school time we used to have a specific 'library day' for borrowing books. Even though we could visit it on any day we wanted, we had to wait an entire week for our turn to borrow books. And the privilege was awarded only to the students from class six and above. So I got to borrow and read my first book when I was in class six. Before that, library going was very much limited to screening the pages of the 'Titan' cartoon which was extremely popular among us.

On our first official library day, we were provided with a library card each and were instructed  on how to borrow the books. I personally didn't know what to borrow and it was until I found a few Nepali fairy tale books and borrowed them. I was so drawn to the adventure of some brave prince and beautiful princess that for the next couple of months, I borrowed almost all books of that category. Library going was frequented in the days to come and we started to share about the books we were reading. Slowly Robinson Crusoe, Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer started emerging. It was during that time that I came across 'The Famous Five' which become one of the finest reads of my entire childhood.

Enid Blyton's book series The Famous Five is set in the 1950's United Kingdom (which I came to know later on, the book makes no reference of that time, at least one I could notice then). The 'Five' consists of four children and a dog, Timmy owned by Georgina, a tomboy who prefers to be called George. Julian, Dick and Anna are siblings and cousins of George. Every series starts during the children's vacation time which they get to spend by hiking or camping or living in Kirrin island - an island privately owned by George's family. Once the children and their dog are set for their vacation, an adventure follows.
                                                     
                                                       Photo: www.thefamousfive.net

Famous Five was such a joyous read that after sometime I started reading it on friday only  so that I needn't worry about going to school in the midst of an adventure I was having with the five. Despite the fact that it was set in a different part of the world, I always used to find a connection with the characters. Secretly I used to wish that I could go on a similar adventure with my friends on the countryside. The breathtaking scenes of the countryside, delicious home made food and most importantly, living all on ourselves. As soon as I would start reading, my bird of imagination would flap its wings and I would find myself away from the usual hectic schedule of school off to some countryside with all my closest people, having fun, having adventure.The story of each book of the series has an adventure. Sometimes it is in the Kirrin Island and most of the time far away from home but the children always sense some wrongdoing around them. Smugglers and thieves and all sort of bad guys. And the Famous Five always fight them off with their teamwork and  wit and occasional snarling of Timmy.

I was introduced to Famous Five my weekend companions and as time passed, we were more than weekend buddies. The newly installed water tank on our rooftop was the place under the shade of which I read most of my Famous Five books. The tank still stands to remind me of my childhood spent with the Famous Five.

Sunday, August 31, 2014

सपना बोक्ने डोको

सपनाहरु बोक्न
एउटा ठुलो डोको बुनिरहेकी बुढी आमा
इण्डियाबाट छोराले पठाएका,
बुहारीले घाँसदाउरा गरि जम्मा गरेका
नातिनी स्कुल जाँदा देखेका सपनाहरु
सजाएर राखेकी छन् आँगनभरी ।
स्वप्न पन्क्षीका रङ्गिन प्वाँख सिंगार्न
पहाडका खोंचहरुमा
उच्चाटलाग्दा उकाली ओरालीमा
कुनै अनमोल रत्नको खोजीमा झैं
बुढि आमा
प्रतिबद्धताको पहाड चढिरहेकी छन्
खोलाको बगरलाई सुम्सुम्याइ
बालुवाको कठोरतालाई मायाले पगाली
खहरेको आक्रोशलाई
सपनाको छहारिमा अल्मल्याइदिउँला भनि
पत्थरभन्दा अटेरी भइ
झुपडिका बाँसका खाँबाहरुमा
खरको छानो
अनि माटोले लिपेका भित्ताहरुमा
बुढि आमा सपनाको मानौं बिस्कुन सुकाइरहेकी छन्।
शहरका पक्कि घरहरुमा
ओछ्यानमा मिठो निन्द्रा
अनि कसैलाई पिउने बहाना दिई
रातभर आकाश बर्षिरह्यो
बिहान दिन नखुल्दै
खोलासंगै बगेकी नातिनीका झुत्रा लुगा
बुहारीका नओभाएका एक जोडि आँखा
अनि बाछिटाको मार सहन नसकी
रुझेर लगभग ओइलाएका सपनाहरु डोकोमा बोकि
बुढि आमा
राहत शिविरतर्फ गइरहेकी छन्।